WOMEN IN WINE

Today women abound in the Israeli wine industry, but it was not always that way.

When I first became involved in the wine trade in the UK, it was very much a man?s world. There would be alcohol infused late lunches, tastings would be likened to a men?s drinking club and most of the production chain from vineyard to sommelier or retailer would be the preserve of men only. To say the wine trade was sexist and chauvinist would not be an exaggeration. As regards the vineyard and winery, there was a feeling that the work was too physical for women, and outside the gates of the winery, sales, tastings and schmoozing, were always seen as a men only pursuit. Furthermore, in those days, even the wine writers and critics, was almost exclusively the preserve of men.

The prejudice went even deeper. In Catholic countries, including France, Italy and Spain, women winemakers were regarded with suspicion well into the last century. It sounds primitive now, but it was thought the menstrual cycle would affect the wine in a negative way. In the Jewish kosher world, women winemakers were frowned upon for a different reason. The religious authorities believed in separating the genders. At kosher wineries, the workers were exclusively men.

Gradually overseas, the barriers broke down. In the 1970?s and 1980?s the first women became Master of Wine and Master Sommeliers. This was accompanied by findings that women were in fact better tasters than men and women pioneers blew away the cobwebs of smoke-filled rooms and pin stripe suits. Fortunately, we have developed as a society since then and women are now involved in every aspect of the wine chain, but it has not become so common as not to still be an occasional talking point.

In Israel there were two pioneers who showed the way. One was Tali Sandovski, winemaker at the Golan Heights Winery. She became the first female winemaker in Israel in 1986. She ensured continuity as the winery made its way in the early years, almost with a different winemaker every year, then she was a steady hand as the baton was passed from Jim Klein to Victor Schoenfeld in 1992. Since then, she has been the ever present, loyal lieutenant to the head winemaker. Tali is very clever, talented, yet quiet, modest and undemanding. She has played an important part in the winery?s success. She has never demanded limelight and never received the credit she deserves, but she has been a permanent fixture in all the winery?s triumphs.

The equivalent in the winery office was the late Carmi Lebenstein, who recently passed away in such tragic circumstances, well before her time. She was virtually born in a bottle. Her family were wine traders. She herself was a successful retailer and then joined Carmel Mizrahi in 1984 in sales. She progressed to become sales manager and then marketing manager of Carmel, when it was then by far the largest winery with 75% of the market. She was street smart, savvy and knew all the tricks and shticks of the wine world. Carmi showed she could compete in this competitive, manly atmosphere, by giving as good as she got. Though tiny in build, she was big in stature and could use her sharp tongue and elbows as well as any man. As a marketer, she was innovative, creative and always thinking out of the box.

I worked with both Tali and Carmi, and I must say I never regarded them as an unusual species because they were women. They were just both so good at their jobs, that the issue of gender was irrelevant. However, looking back with hindsight, they were trail blazers on the Israel wine scene.

Since then women abound in our industry, but it was not always that way. I worked at one winery where the Rabbi for a time flatly refused for a woman winemaker to join the winemaking team. Then for another, when one of the associate winemakers was not Jewish, which she emphasized by wearing a crucifix to work! Today I am pleased to say each of the largest wineries has women winemakers: Anat Keider Gershon & Shiri Rosenthal Kobe at Barkan, Meital Damari at Carmel and Dorit Segev & Tali Sandovski at the Golan Heights Winery. Winemakers like Irith Boxer Shank (Barkan), Orna Chillag (Chillag), Naama Sorkin (Dalton, Ortal), Yael Sandler (Binyamina, Ella Valley) and Nitzan Swersky (Ahat) have ensured that the woman winemaker in a winery is not as unusual as it once was.

One of the highest profile winemaker ? educators today is Roni Saslove. She was winemaker of Saslove Winery and has become one of our best wine educators and communicators. Her courses are held at the Seren DPT wine venue in Jaffa. She has also become one of our most visible wine media personalities. She is so articulate in English and Hebrew and exudes warmth, enthusiasm and professionalism. She is currently co-authoring a new book to be called ?Wine Journey – Israel Adventure?.

The first female sommelier of note was Hadas Ezer, of the famed Keren Restaurant in the 1990?s. Some of our best sommeliers today are women. Before being a winemaker, Yael Sandler was a sommelier and she became the first woman to win the Yarden Award for Best Sommelier. The two leading sommeliers at the moment are Mor Bernstein, current holder of the Yarden Sommelier Award and Shira Tsiddon of the Norman Hotel, winner of the award for the best wine list and wine program. The number of Israelis who have gained the WSET Diploma (Wine and Spirits Education Trust) may be comfortably counted on two hands. Sandler, Bernstein and Tsiddon have each gained this important, international recognition in the last few years.

Believe it or not, the first female manager of an Israeli winery was Rosa Shor in the early part of the 20th century. Her husband Shmuel was the second generation of the Shor family winery, founded in the Old City of Jerusalem in 1848. It was the earliest of all the existing wineries. When Shmuel passed away, Rosa took over the management of the winery. This included moving the winery from the Old City, and setting it up again at Beit Israel in Western Jerusalem in 1925. Being deep in the Haredi world and embedded in the Muslim Quarter of the Old City, it was certainly a milestone event.

In modern times, we have had quite a few women winery executives. The longest lasting CEO of a large winery was Anat Rushansky Levy. She was CEO of the Golan Heights Winery for ten years. Previously she was marketing manager, then export manager for the USA. She certainly broke a glass ceiling too. Of course, a woman reaching the pinnacle, is not a guarantee of success and Levy followed on from two legendary CEO?s, Segev Yerovam and Shalom Blayer, who were loved and respected by everyone. She was always compared to them.

The lesson is that a successful CEO is a good one, and an unsuccessful CEO is a bad one, and sex has nothing to do with it. I came across one female CEO who waltzed in from outside the wine trade, assumed she understood everything and thought everyone else was stupid. She was more aggressive and more of a bully than any man, did not do the work or make the effort to learn the wine trade and was an abject failure. On the credit side, Ronit Badler was someone who was professional and made a good impression whilst she was CEO at Galil Mountain.

The latest new manager of a winery is Michal Akerman. She is curly headed, with a great smile and friendly manner. As agronomist, she introduced the concept of ecological vineyards at Tabor Winery. Michal always bright eyed, keen to talk and share, is now the manager of Tabor. There are winemakers that manage wineries, but she is the first agronomist to do so.

As far as the business of wine is concerned, I remember sitting next to the export manager of Olivia at some course many years ago. That was the first time I met Yael Gai. In 2007, she was appointed the International Marketing Manager of the Golan Heights Winery. As the Golan Heights Winery is Israel?s leading exporter, and Yarden arguably Israel?s main wine ambassador, Gai has become a major spokesman and representative of Israeli wine internationally.

For the last fourteen years she has been bringing Israeli wine to the forefront in Europe and the Far East with style, attention to detail, with a sharp business sense, and the smarts and the ability to sell image, a perception of quality, Brand Israel, as well as containers of Yarden, Gamla and Hermon wines. She is the Foreign Minister and an ongoing illustration of how trading in wine is certainly not only for men. To reinforce the point, the export managers of Barkan (Lea Lehavi) and Carmel (Etti Edri), are today also women.

Two other marketers I greatly respect. One is Carmit Ehrenreich, ex Golan Heights Winery, Galil Mountain, Bazelet Hagolan and she is now marketing manager of Jerusalem Vineyard Winery. The other is Vered Ben Saidon, owner of Tura Winery. Both are passionate, dynamic, pushy in a good way, with excellent marketing instincts.

Amongst the wine critics, the main female player is Mira Eitan, who for many years has written about wine, beer and spirits. For a period of time she was editor of the Wine & Gourmet Magazine. Then she worked at Carmel as Public Relations Manager. She now writes for Shulchan and Sanedrink. Once she was the only woman invited to wine tastings, but that is also changing.

Thankfully Israeli wine has developed and become more enlightened. Women are now deeply embedded in the wine trade and they greatly enrich us in every way. For those cynical, doubting Thomases, who are still reluctant to take women seriously, they should know that most of the wine in Israel is purchased ?..by women!

Wine trade veteran Adam Montefiore has advanced Israeli wine for thirty five years, and is referred to as the English voice of Israeli wine. www.adammontefiore.com